An important group that must be taken into consideration in preparing for emergency situations is the elderly population.Preparations for elderly people with disabilities are made in accordance with the principles of preparation for people with special needs.
Most elderly residents function independently but there are still others, more restricted in their activities, so it pays to follow the recommendations listed below, in keeping with the abilities and limitations of the elderly person.Slow reaction time and movement, impaired eyesight or hearing and difficulty adjusting to rapid changes that typify emergencies expose the elderly to the possibility that they won't be able to take necessary action in keeping with the instructions of Pikud Haoref.In contrast, many elderly people have the advantage that they become a beneficial resource for those around them, particularly in time of crisis: the elderly have extensive experience in life, and for the most part the concerns and fears that they sense seem less extreme to them, so that they are able to contribute by calming those around them and by offering guidance and help to those close to them.Remember! Continuous contact with the family and those in the close environment is very important for support and guidance, both when preparing for events and during the events themselves.Recommendations for the elderly For those suffering from medical problems:Be sure to lay in a sufficient stock of medications and prescriptions for a reserve stock, a pair of eyeglasses and an extra pair, batteries for auxiliary equipment, special food, walking devices, false teeth, etc.Prepare medical documents signed by your treating physician describing your state of health, that you will carry with you, a list of medications that you take and the required dosage, and a list of routine medical examinations you must undergo.Be careful to list drugs that you are forbidden to take.Personal emergency card: it is recommend that you prepare a personal emergency card that you can carry with you in times of emergency, including: first name and family name, ID number, name of your health fund and treating physician, name of accompanying caregiver (if you have one), list of medications and required dosage, blood type, special needs, allergies, critical medical information and telephone numbers of family members and friends.The secure space: It is important to clear away objects that you are likely to stumble over on your way to the secure space, such as flower pots and planters on the floor, lamps, stools and rugs. Ensure that the path to the secure space is reasonably well lit at all times of the day and night. Be sure that the secure space contains available means of communication such as radio, television, Internet and telephone. People with cell phones should make sure that the batteries are fully charged and that the battery charger is easily accessible at all times. Prepare a list of vital phone numbers such as those of family members and Local Authority call center numbers.General recommendations for those assisting the elderly You should explain to the elderly person the actions that he must take so that he can do so by himself (if at all possible), and enlist his help in giving assistance to those who are less capable. If you sit with the elderly person to explain the situation and the instructions of Pikud Haoref, it is recommended that you use examples that are familiar to him from his own world and experience, focusing on clear and simple paths of action.As part of the family preparation for an emergency situation it pays to ensure that the preparation is suited to the needs of the elderly and in so far as possible enable him to contribute to the effort. For example, phone him to fill him in on the situation, ensure that he has taken the necessary actions for his own protection and ask how he is feeling.Provide guidance for the elderly in selecting a secure space according to the instructions of Pikud Haoref. When selecting the secure space take into account the time needed for him to reach the space quickly.Provide guidance for the elderly in what to do on hearing an alarm and even practice the actions they are to take. Take pains to advise and to explain the instructions to the elderly person and the events broadcast in the media, while offering soothing messages.You can call the service call center of the Ministry of Social Affairs and Social Services (118) or the Local Authority (106) to get help for the general community of handicapped and elderly residents.
The preparations should be adjusted to your particular needs: It pays to consult family members, neighbors or caregivers in advance when selecting the secure space and to assure yourself of assistance in preparing it in time of emergency. In addition to the detailed list of equipment, it is also important to place in the secure space medications and prescriptions, an extra pair of eyeglasses, batteries for auxiliary equipment, medical documents, special food, walking devices, false teeth, a pail for toilet needs, underwear/disposable diapers/sanitary pads, etc Prepare a personal emergency card including: first name and family name, ID number, name of health fund and treating physician, name of accompanying caregiver (if you have one), list of medications and required dosage, blood type, special needs, allergies, critical medical information and telephone numbers of family members and relatives. The owner of the personal emergency card should carry the card on his person. It is important to clear away objects that you are likely to stumble over on your way to the secure space, such as flowerpots and planters on the floor, lamps, stools and rugs. Ensure that the path to the secure space is reasonably well lit at all times of the day and night.