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Current National Situation routine

Training for Pupils

The Home Front Command, together with the Ministry of Education, developed a program called “Educating for Emergency”. The program is intended for various ages and is taught according to age groups in the 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 7th, 9th and 11th grade (4-6 hours of instruction for each age level).

The program is taught by the class teachers who underwent training, based on the assumption that during an emergency it will be the teacher who will lead his/her class and who will be the natural “focal point” for them. 5th grade pupils will learn a broader program comprised of 10 hours of instruction that will be taught by [trained] emergency counselors.

 

Why prepare children for emergencies?

1.    Children, at different ages, are required to function during emergency situations and from a certain age they are able to comprehend the behavior that is required and effective in such situations.

2.    They make up about a third of the population in Israel.

3.    Knowledge can lessen the degree of anxiety expected during an emergency situation. The situation must be explained to the child according to his emotional and cognitive level.

4.    Children fulfill the role of “ambassadors” and agents for change within their families in regard to the necessary awareness and assimilation of the desired behavior during emergencies.

5.    To build a society with a ‘culture of preparedness’, it is necessary to begin teaching the subject in the educational system at an early age.

 The program was developed according to the emotional and cognitive abilities of each age group, using messages of empowerment and coping with situations.  For example, many stories of children, from Israel and from around the world, are presented where the children coped successfully with emergency situations, saved themselves and even others. The program is taught by experiencing the subject and it includes video clips, audio sections, educational computer programs, drawings, games, etc.

 The program is initially directed towards existing threats in the pupil’s own surroundings, his house, the way to school, etc. and very slowly it begins to touch on wider subjects, such as ways to defend yourself during a missile attack, selection of the secure room, earth quakes.

 The program includes the different threatening emergency situations, such as: missile or rocket attacks, fire, earth quakes, tsunami wave, hazardous material emergencies and unconventional emergencies.

 

Each emergency situation is presented from a number of aspects:

·         The humane meaning of the phenomenon.

·         The possible damages.

·         Ways of prevention and preparedness for the event.

·         Behavior during the emergency and afterwards.

 

Joint Activity:  Parents – Children

·         Joint activity is required because of the nature of the subject: parents can contribute from their past experiences, memories connected to emergency situations, their feelings and accumulated knowhow, whereas children can bring knowledge and other necessary messages, while involving his family in the subject activities.

·         The culmination of the activities – A Family Emergency Preparedness Plan,

put together jointly by all members of the family.