How do we know that an earthquake is beginning?
When an earthquake occurs you feel as if the earth is rumbling under your feet, the windows rattle in their frames, loose objects and furniture begin to move around in a strange way, hanging lamps sway back and forth, and the quaking makes it difficult to walk or retain stability. It feels as if we are standing on a ship at sea, rising and sinking on the waves. The first seconds are critical, with the greatest chance of survival. Don't wait – keep your cool and react quickly.Proper action to take during an earthquake
If you are inside a buildingIf you are inside a building and feel that the earth is trembling under your feet, go quickly to a safe place – according to the following order of priorities:
1. Open space – If you can get out of the building within seconds, get out and go to an open area (especially if you are in a one-family home or ground floor apartment).
2. If you can't get out of the building quickly – enter the secure space (Mamad). Leave the Mamad door open.
3. If you can't get out of the building quickly and there is no secure space – go to the stairwell and if possible descend to an exit from the building.
4. Only if you can do none of these things – take shelter under a piece of heavy furniture or sit on the floor next to an interior wall.
If you are outside
• If the earthquake occurs when you are outside – remain in an open area and stay away from buildings, bridges and electric poles.
If you are at the seashore
• If you are at the seashore when an earthquake occurs leave the area immediately, for fear of being dragged away by a tsunami. Get at least a kilometer away from the seashore.
• Anybody who cannot leave the seashore should go up to at least the fourth floor of any nearby building.
• Do not return to the seashore for at least 12 hours after the end of the earthquake. A sudden and rapid withdrawal of the water is a sign of an approaching tsunami.
• Before leaving the building, close electric switches and gas cocks.
• On your way to the secure space, stay away from the exterior walls of the building, from windows and from shelves.
• Do not use the elevator during or after an earthquake – you might get stuck inside it.
• If you are in a wheel chair – lock it and protect your head (after you have reached a secure space).