The Civil Defense Law, 5711-1951 and the Civil Defense Regulations (Factory, Institution Equipment and Training Their Employees) 5733-1973 is the legal basis to compel Factories to maintain equipment for emergency situations and to train their employees with respect to issues of defense.
(.To be perused in conjunction with Chapter Four as worded in the law)
The basis to the perception of protecting Factories is recognizing that Factories that are declared essential Factories will continue to function also during emergency situations – and their products are crucial to national security and the population.
Implementing civil defense guidelines in essential Factories will enable the essential Factories, the country's economy, the war efforts and the existence of the civil population to continue to function also during times of war despite the circumstances of war prevalent at that time.
By training employees at the Factories at a time of war one can continue to operate the Factory. By using Search & Rescue equipment stored at the Factory one can minimize the risk of endangering life.