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First Aid

The main purpose of first aid is to prevent the wounded to receive further injuries.
The person that gives out first aid must know what aid will be useful, and also must know what is best not to do in certain circumstances.
For example, if you lift and move a wounded person with a broken spine, there could be serious consequences.
An unskilled first aid person could worsen the wounded condition.
On the other hand, in a great percentage of more injury cases, there is a necessity of an immediate first aid to prevent the worsening the wounded person injuries.

Keep your eyes open and look out for environmental risks that are exposed to you, others and the wounded.
First, rescue the wounded from the place where the danger is presented to you.
Help the injured person, as soon as you can.
 Open the respiratory airway of the wounded (Raise the lower jaw and expel out the excretion) to guarantee that he is breathing.
Stop the bleeding immediately.
If allowed, ask the wounded the details of the injuries.
Check the wounded injuries thoroughly.
Try to encourage the wounded.
Work with self confidence and with skill.

First aid bandages, sterile (medicine) compress (gauze), adhesive bandages and adhesive compress in a wideness of 1.25 or 2.5 centimeters, bandaging, cotton and tricot bandages in a width of 4, 6, 8 or 10 centimeters triple bandages, betadine, scissors, blanket.


When encountering a wounded person that is bleeding, act immediately, right after ensuring that the respiratory airway is safe, pressure on the bleeding wound.
You may stop the inner blood stream by using a straight pressure on the wound. The pressing will be done by pushing  the wound, do not hesitate from using the pressure, it is the first and most important act that was meant to stop the bleeding and prevent a faster worsening of the wounded condition.
You can hand press the wound while driving the vehicle, that the wounded is transferred to the stretcher almost anytime. Do not let go of the pressure at any cost!
If allowed a pressed bandaging, use the lacing of the bandage then press on the bleeding.
If the bleeding doesn't stop, do another pressure using your hand or another bandage until the bleedings stops.
Put on a dressing of stem bleeding only in case of amputation; clasp the stem bleeding as long as you can.  

Burns are caused by a fire or heat and seldom by cold waves. To tell apart three classes of burn:
First- only the outer skin layer is broken and the skin becomes red and swollen.
Second- a shallow or deep injury in the inner and outer skin layer and then the facial skin will start rising up in the shape of bubbles.
Third- the skin and the skin tissue will be scorched and all of the skin layer will burn.

How to treat the burns:
Clear off the injured person from the place endangers him. Cover the injured person in a blanket or roll him over on the ground in order to extinguish the flames and remove the clothes off him.
Right afterwards check out the most important thing: are the upper respiratory airways of the injured person are open? Because all of the fire and the smoke enter the respiration then causes it to swell up, and in a short while the respirations could get blocked. An injured that has a remnant of soot and ash on the tongue and a scorch of hair nostril and of the face needs to be cleared off from the fire or the smoke- you need to make him breathe the air he's breathing oxygen in a maximal concentration.
Cool the burn with water, do not pop the bladder (Due to the risk of an infection).
Cover the burn with a wet sterilized bandage, continue on wetting the bandage and apply the wounded to medical care.


Chemical burns:
Chemical burns can cause the same degree of burns as heat burns.
Drinking certain chemicals, such as salt and borid, causes inner burns.
These substances can create bubbles, swollen and even scars. If they pass through the respiratory airways, there's a risk of chocking.

Treating the chemical burns:
Removing the clothes then washing them with a lot of water.
If the wounded swallowed the chemical liquids, thoroughly, wash the mouth and then make the wounded spit out the water he's been washing.

Sings of fracture are: limits of moving the limbs, swollen, skin tissue (a blue sing).
Treatment: prevent the movements of the limb by attaching it to the body or an active limb and tie it (with a triple fabric, belts etc).
In case of bruise in the back or the neck, do not move the injured person and call Magen David Adom (MDA for short).

Call the number 101 from a cellular phone, and give out the next details:
Phone number where you call from.
Location of the event: name of the city, neighborhood, street, number, door and the mentioned name on the door entrance.
Describing the medical issue that the injured person is suffering.
The wounded age
Are there any environmental dangers (fire, destruction, torn electrical wires).

Answer the questions of the medic in the telephone service of MDA center in order to assist the proper given treatment.
When there is a missile launching attack the telephone service center in MDA will only answer urgent calls.

To gain information about casualties turn to the hospital intelligence center.
The public is asked not to call MDA in case of giving out, info, behavior guidance's or the casualties' names in the event.
Do not get close to the area of the event in order to allow the medical teams tend to the wounded in order to give them a professional and safe treatment.
Drivers are asked to clear off from pivots that lead from the place of the event to the hospitals.