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What is a tsunami?

Tsunami waves are a series of long waves, usually following earthquakes. When the waves reach a shallow area, they can rise up and hit the shore with a powerful blow. Tsunami waves can continue for hours. The first wave isn't necessarily the biggest nor it necessarily the one that will cause the most damage.

Israel has experienced tsunamis in the past and is expected to experience more in the future. One cannot predict when, where, and what height tsunami will be. The question isn't will it occur, but rather when will it occur?

You can receive an tsunami alert the moment formation of the waves it is identified. However, the condition of the current alert system  has low reliability, which leads to great uncertainty.

Tsunami water can flood dry land anywhere between a few hours to a few days.

How do you know when a tsunami wave is approaching?

• A strong earthquake can cause tsunamis.
• An extreme and sudden withdrawal of water (low tide) is a singed for an approaching tsunami.
• A powerful noise that comes from the sea.
• An alert passed on by emergency authorities.

If you are by the shoreline during an earthquake, or upon receiving a warning, leave the shore immediately in case a tsunami wave crashes and floods the shore.
Retreat at least one kilometer from the shoreline or enter a designated assembly area nearby. Those who cannot leave the shore must go up to the fourth floor (at least) of a nearby building. Do not return to shore for the next 12 hours. Stay updates through communication devices to know what to do.

The Federal Emergencies Management (FEM) and other emergency groups alongside with the local authorities throughout the shore line have evacuation plans for shoreline inhabitants to safety areas.
The plans include designated roads from the shoreline and designate assembly areas – the sites that were determined by the local authorities as safe places outside of the tsunami's flooding range of the tsunami - where people can stay until the danger passes.
Go by foot to the gathering areas, according to the direction signs of the escape path. Do not ride in a vehicle. Leave the roads open for the emergency forces.

Make a family emergency plan. Each family member must know independently what to do in order to protect himself\herself. Learn the evacuation plan that was made by the local authorities. Recognize the escape paths near your home and\or work place.